About Cookies …
Directive 2002/58 on Privacy and Electronic Communications, otherwise known as E-Privacy Directive, is an EU directive on data protection and privacy in the digital age. It presents a continuation of earlier efforts, most directly the Data Protection Directive. It deals with the regulation of a number of important issues such as confidentiality of information, treatment of traffic data, spam and cookies. This Directive has been amended by Directive 2009/136, which introduces several changes, especially in what concerns cookies, that are now subject to prior consent.
The Directive provision applicable to cookies is Article 5(3). Recital 25 of the Preamble recognizes the importance and usefulness of cookies for the functioning of modern Internet and directly relates Article 5(3) to them but Recital 24 also warns of the danger that such instruments may present to privacy. The change in the law does not affect all types of cookies; those that are deemed to be “strictly necessary for the delivery of a service requested by the user”, such as for example, cookies that track the content’s of a user’s shopping cart on an online shopping service, are exempted.
The article is technology neutral, not naming any specific technological means which may be used to store data, but applies to any information that a website causes to stored in a user’s browser. This reflects the EU legislator’s desire to leave the regime of the directive open to future technological developments.
The addressees of the obligation are Member States, who must ensure that the use of electronic communications networks to store information in a visitor’s browser is only allowed if the user is provided with “clear and comprehensive information”, in accordance with the Data Protection Directive, about the purposes of the storage of, or access to, that information; and has given his or her consent.
The regime so set-up can be described as opt-in, effectively meaning that the consumer must give his or her consent before cookies or any other form of data is stored in their browser. The UK Regulations allow for consent to be signified by future browser settings, which have yet to be introduced but which must be capable of presenting enough information so that a user can give their informed consent and indicating to a target website that consent has been obtained. Initial consent can be carried over into repeated content requests to a website. The Directive does not give any guidelines as to what may constitute an opt-out, but requires that cookies, other than those “strictly necessary for the delivery of a service requested by the user” are not to be placed without user consent (source: Wikipedia.org).
2.1 This (legal) document was created using a template from SEQ Legal LLP (http://www.seqlegal.com)
– Howbery Park, Wallingford – Oxfordshire OX10 8BA (U.K.) – Tel: +44(0)1491 821123 .
- About cookies
3.1 A cookie is a file containing an identifier (a string of letters and numbers) that is sent by a web server to a web browser and is stored by the browser. The identifier is then sent back to the server each time the browser requests a page from the server.
3.2 Cookies may be either “persistent” cookies or “session” cookies: a persistent cookie will be stored by a web browser and will remain valid until its set expiry date, unless deleted by the user before the expiry date; a session cookie, on the other hand, will expire at the end of the user session, when the web browser is closed.
3.3 Cookies do not typically contain any information that personally identifies a user, but personal information that we store about you may be linked to the information stored in and obtained from cookies.
3.4 Cookies can be used by web servers to identify and track users as they navigate different pages on a website and identify users returning to a website.
- Our cookies
4.1 We use both session cookies and persistent cookies on our website(s), based on the content management and author system WordPress and its latest version, also see Worpress Codex ( https://codex.wordpress.org/WordPress_Cookies ) .
4.2 The names of the cookies that we use on our website, and the purposes for which they are used, are set out below:
We use cookie names
(a) … to recognise a computer when a user visits our website
(b) … to track users as they navigate the website
(c) … to improve the website’s usability
(d) … to administer the website
(e) … to prevent fraud and improve the security of the website
(f) … to personalise the website for each user
(g) … to target advertisements which may be of particular interest to specific users
(h) … to validate authenticated users sessions
(i) … to facilitate the use of our website search engine
(j) … to identify/score/rank the users in the ASR league system, see: http://www.advancedstudyroom.org/results/ .
5.1 We use Google Analytics to analyse the use of our website. <- in preperation and process
5.2 Our analytics service provider generates statistical and other information about website use by means of cookies.
5.3 The analytics cookies used by our website have the following names: n.n. .
5.4 The information generated relating to our website is used to create reports about the use of our website.
- Third party cookies
6.1 Our website also uses third party cookies.
6.2 We publish Google AdSense interest-based advertisements on our website. <- in preperation and process
6.3 Details of the other third party cookies used by our website are set out below:
(a) Guo Juan’s Internet School – https://internetgoschool.com/privacy.vhtml
(b) GoGameGuru Shop – https://gogameguru.com/privacy-policy/
(c) PayPal (donations) – https://www.paypal.com/webapps/mpp/ua/privacy-full
(d) Inseong’s YunguSeng Dojan – n.n.
(e) Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/policies/cookies/
(f) Google plus -https://www.google.com/policies/technologies/cookies/
(g) Reddit – https://www.reddit.com/help/privacypolicy/
(h) Twitter – https://twitter.com/privacy?lang=eng
(i) LinkedIn – https://www.linkedin.com/legal/cookie-policy
(j) MailChimp – https://mailchimp.com/legal/privacy/
(k) JetPack – https://jetpack.com/support/cookies/
(l) WordPress – https://codex.wordpress.org/WordPress_Cookies
(m) Issuuu – https://issuu.com/legal/privacy
- Blocking cookies
7.1 Most browsers allow you to refuse to accept cookies; for example:
(a) in Internet Explorer (version 11) you can block cookies using the cookie handling override settings available by clicking “Tools”, “Internet Options”, “Privacy” and then “Advanced”;
(b) in Firefox (version 44) you can block all cookies by clicking “Tools”, “Options”, “Privacy”, selecting “Use custom settings for history” from the drop-down menu, and unticking “Accept cookies from sites”; and
(c) in Chrome (version 48), you can block all cookies by accessing the “Customise and control” menu, and clicking “Settings”, “Show advanced settings” and “Content settings”, and then selecting “Block sites from setting any data” under the “Cookies” heading.
7.2 Blocking all cookies will have a negative impact upon the usability of many websites.
7.3 If you block cookies, you will not be able to use all the features on our website.
- Deleting cookies
8.1 You can delete cookies already stored on your computer; for example:
(a) in Internet Explorer (version 11), you must manually delete cookie files (you can find instructions for doing so at http://windows.microsoft.com/en-gb/internet-explorer/delete-manage-cookies#ie=ie-11);
(b) in Firefox (version 44), you can delete cookies by clicking “Tools”, “Options” and “Privacy”, then selecting “Use custom settings for history” from the drop-down menu, clicking “Show Cookies”, and then clicking “Remove All Cookies”; and
(c) in Chrome (version 48), you can delete all cookies by accessing the “Customise and control” menu, and clicking “Settings”, “Show advanced settings” and “Clear browsing data”, and then selecting “Cookies and other site and plug-in data” before clicking “Clear browsing data”.
8.2 Deleting cookies will have a negative impact on the usability of many websites.
- Cookie preferences
10.2 We are registered in [country] under registration number [number], and our registered office is at [address]. <- in preperation and process
10.3 Our principal place of [commercially/noncommercially] business is at [address]. <- in preperation and process
10.4 You can contact us:
(b) by using our email address published on our website from time to time (@: ).
(c) by skype telephone published on our website from time to time ()